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Newfoundland was first visited by the Vikings in the 11th century. It’s made up of the large island of Newfoundland and a collection of smaller islands—and it’s connected with the mainland region of Labrador. Almost 94% of the population of this province lives on the island of Newfoundland, however—and of those who live in Labrador, most are aboriginal peoples including the Inuit, Innu, and Métis.

There is a great range of climate in this province. In Newfoundland, you’ll find cool summers and relatively mild winters influenced by the Atlantic Ocean; much of Labrador is arctic and subarctic.

The largest city in the province is St. John’s, the seat of government and home to 40% of the Newfoundland population. Attractions in the province include Gros Morne National Park, the Appalachian and Long Range Mountains. The province’s Irish, English, and Scottish heritage influences the region’s unique folk music, including sea shanties and sailing songs heavily influenced by the ocean.

Newfoundland and Labrador are adventurous places to retire—characterized by a rich nautical history, and surprisingly mild weather in the islands. Check out our listings of Newfoundland retirement homes—and find your ideal retirement community today.