Assisted living communities came about in the early 1990s and were designed for senior citizens who wanted to receive custodial care in a more home like environment. Living spaces in assisted living facilities often consist of private rooms or apartments that can be furnished with the residents’ own furniture and decorations. An atmosphere of independence is fostered by the staff that respects the privacy of residents. Residents of assisted living facilities can receive assistance with a number of activities of daily living such as dressing, bathing, eating, and toileting. Staff is always on hand to help with tasks throughout the day.
Nursing homes are medical facilities that provide around the clock medical attention to residents. Senior citizens who need a great deal of help and suffer from debilitating medical problems often need the level of care provided in nursing homes. Nursing homes offer 24 hour medical care by a licensed or registered nursing staff. The cost of a nursing home tends to be higher due to the cost of the medical care associated with them.
For seniors who are relatively independent now but might need more care in the future, I strongly suggest you look into Continuing Care Retirement Communities as an option for senior care.